California
Code of Civil Procedure
 
Section 431.20

(a)

Every material allegation of the complaint or cross-complaint, not controverted by the answer, shall, for the purposes of the action, be taken as true.

(b)

The statement of any new matter in the answer, in avoidance or constituting a defense, shall, on the trial, be deemed controverted by the opposite party.

  • Bluebook

    CA​Civ​Proc​§​431.20
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