Motion To Expunge Lis Pendens
(a) A party to an action in connection with which a notice of lis pendens has been filed may:
apply to the court to expunge the notice; and
file evidence, including declarations, with the motion to expunge the notice.
The court may:
permit evidence on the motion to be received in the form of oral testimony; and
make any orders the court considers just to provide for discovery by a party affected by the motion.
The court shall order the notice of lis pendens expunged if the court determines that:
the pleading on which the notice is based does not contain a real property claim;
the claimant fails to establish by a preponderance of the evidence the probable validity of the real property claim; or
the person who filed the notice for record did not serve a copy of the notice on each party entitled to a copy under Section 12.007(d).
Notice of a motion to expunge under Subsection (a) must be served on each affected party on or before the 20th day before the date of the hearing on the motion.
The court shall rule on the motion for expunction based on the affidavits and counteraffidavits on file and on any other proof the court allows.
After a certified copy of an order expunging a notice of lis pendens has been recorded, the notice of lis pendens and any information derived from the notice:
constitute constructive or actual notice of any matter contained in the notice or of any matter relating to the proceeding;
create any duty of inquiry in a person with respect to the property described in the notice; or
affect the validity of a conveyance to a purchaser for value or of a mortgage to a lender for value; and
is not enforceable against a purchaser or lender described by Subdivision (1)(C), regardless of whether the purchaser or lender knew of the lis pendens action.
The court in its discretion may require that the party prevailing in the expunction hearing submit an undertaking to the court in an amount determined by the court.
Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 297, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2009.