For the purposes of this article:
(a) Defined benefit formula means a formula used by the retirement system to determine a retirement benefit based on age, years of service, and pensionable compensation earned by an employee up to the limit defined in Section 7522.10.
(b) Employee contributions means the contributions to a public retirement system required to be paid by a member of the system, as fixed by law, regulation, administrative action, contract, contract amendment, or other written agreement recognized by the retirement system as establishing an employee contribution.
(c) Federal system means the old age, survivors, disability, and health insurance provisions of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 301 et seq.).
(d) Member means a public employee who is a member of any type of a public retirement system or plan.
(e) New employee means either of the following:
(1) An employee, including one who is elected or appointed, of a public employer who is employed for the first time by any public employer on or after January 1, 2013, and who was not employed by any other public employer prior to that date.
(2) An employee, including one who is elected or appointed, of a public employer who is employed for the
first time by any public employer on or after January 1, 2013, and who was employed by another public employer prior to that date, but who was not subject to reciprocity under subdivision (c) of Section 7522.02.
(f) New member means any of the following:
(1) An individual who becomes a member of any public retirement system for the first time on or after January 1, 2013, and who was not a member of any other public retirement system prior to that date.
(2) An individual who becomes a member of a public retirement system for the first time on or after January 1, 2013, and who was a member of another public retirement system prior to that date, but who was not subject to reciprocity under subdivision (c) of Section
(3) An individual who was an active member in a retirement system and who, after a break in service of more than six months, returned to active membership in that system with a new employer. For purposes of this subdivision, a change in employment between state entities or from one school employer to another shall not be considered as service with a new employer.
(g) Normal cost means the portion of the present value of projected benefits under the defined benefit that is attributable to the current year of service, as determined by the public retirement systems actuary according to the most recently completed valuation. For the purpose of determining normal cost, the systems actuary may use a single rate of contribution or an age-based rate of contribution as is
applicable to that retirement system.
(h) Public employee means an officer, including one who is elected or appointed, or an employee of a public employer.
(i) Public employer means:
(1) The state and every state entity, including, but not limited to, the Legislature, the judicial branch, including judicial officers, and the California State University.
(2) Any political subdivision of the state, or agency or instrumentality of the state or subdivision of the state, including, but not limited to, a city, county, city and county, a charter city, a charter county, school district, community college district, joint powers authority, joint powers agency, and any
public agency, authority, board, commission, or district.
(3) Any charter school that elects or is required to participate in a public retirement system.
(j) Public retirement system means any pension or retirement system of a public employer, including, but not limited to, an independent retirement plan offered by a public employer that the public employer participates in or offers to its employees for the purpose of providing retirement benefits, or a system of benefits for public employees that is governed by Section 401(a) of Title 26 of the United States Code.